Category Archive Vespa manual transmission

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Vespa manual transmission

A two stroke engine lubricates itself in two separate ways. The gearbox, clutch, and drive is lubricated by standard gearbox oil.

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There is no oil pump but instead the gears running in the oil manage to pass enough oil around the gearbox to lubricate it properly. Gearbox oil in a Vespa scooter should be changed about every miles with new SAE 80 gear oil, which is the same as SAE 30 motor oil.

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For some reason oil manufacturers have different viscosity definitions for motor oil vs. This is a constant cause of confusion when buying transmission oil for your scooter.

If in doubt remember that oil for car engines is crankcase oil and oil specifically for scooter transmissions is gear oil. Below are directions for most large frame Vespas. These instructions generally apply to small frames Vespas as well but the filler and drain holes are in different locations. It is a good idea to run the bike around for a while to get the oil hot as it will flow much more easily.

Place the bike on its kick stand on level ground and look underneath the right hand side of the engine. You'll see a small bolt that if it is not covered in grime should have OLIO printed on the head. Below is a shot of the oil drain bolt location on a large frame. Place an oil drain pan below the bolt and loosen it allowing the oil to drain. Be careful not to lose the small sealing washer around the outer rim as this can be reused if necessary although it is best if replaced.

Once the oil plug is removed the oil will flow out of the crankcase into the oil pan below. Once the oil has drained refit the drain plug with a new felt or brass sealing washer. The small diameter and soft aluminum casing make it easy to strip the threads.

If you find that the threads are stripped or you strip them yourself I have had success with using white plumbers tape around the threads. It can be bought at any hardware store and is basically a very thin plastic tape that plumbers use to seal threads when connecting gas or water lines. Wrap a 2" length around the threads and carefully tighten it in place.

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Find the oil filler hole which is just to the rear and slightly below the gear selector box. Remove the slotted bolt with a large screwdriver. The new oil goes in this hole and needs to be filled up to the filler hole level when the bike is on the stand on level ground.

I use an attachment tube which screws on to a standard quart of oil. These are available at most auto parts stores. The shot below shows the oil just at the filler hole level, and a little dribbling out. Auto parts stores will take your old oil for recycling and should not charge you for it. Most recycling centers will take it for no charge and it really does mess things up if you just dump it.

The oil drain hole is located just under the lowest point of the casing on a small frame Vespa. The filler hole is located just below the rear shock mount on a small frame. Here is a video on how to complete an oil change on a vingate Vespa. The video is a bit dated but it has good ideas like how to use a condiment bottle to fill the oil we prefer a more narrow tip. Finally this video contains advice and images on how to evaluate your oil to see if it contains gas, water, or pieces of your clutch cork.

All of these are signs of a larger issue you should address sooner rather than later. Vintage Vespa Oil Change Video. Vespa Gearbox Oil Change A two stroke engine lubricates itself in two separate ways.When it comes to making your first Vespa purchase, the sheer amount of choice available can be pretty overwhelming for the uninitiated.

New, used, vintage, modern, manual, automatic, smallframe, largeframe- there are so many options out there, and many people wind up making the wrong decisions.

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They also come with lower insurance premiums, cheaper parkingand greater ease of use than traditional motorcycle — plus no more getting stuck in traffic! So, just how do you avoid making the wrong choices? How do you make sure that you purchase the right Vespa scooter? Below are some key points on what you should know before buying your first Vespa. The condition of your Vespa is going to determine how much pleasure you get out of it, as well as how much of your time is taken up by maintenance, so this is a good place to start the discussion.

A vintage Vespa might be visually stunning and if properly maintained will increase in value, but they often come with plenty of issues. These look like the old darlings of the golden days of scootering, they maintain manual gear shifting but ride like modern scooters. Older Vespa scooters also require a mixture of gasoline and oil which needs to be performed at each refueling. A new modern Vespa comes with a warranty, the latest technology and automatic transmission, making for an easier ride.

The obvious caveat with buying new is that it can initially cost you more, so a happy middle option is probably to buy a modern-used Vespa. These are usually fairly well priced, have many of the benefits of a new Vespa, and are typically sold without any major problems. Some might even include a warranty, so be sure to ask about this before you buy. Either a new or modern-used are the best choices for a daily commute ride, as they require less maintenance work.

On a vintage Vespa, maintenance can be as frequent as weekly. If your finances allow, buying new is usually the safest option.

Bear this in mind before taking advice from old scooter-heads- nostalgia can often blur the lines of logic!

The handlebars of an automatic transmission Vespa mimic those of a bicycle, with two brake levers. The rider turns the throttle and goes without the need to manually change gears. On a manual transmission scooter, like on most motorcycles, the left brake lever is the clutch and the rear brake pedal is located on the floor panel.

The manual shifting of the gears will add an extra element for the rider to deal with, and for the beginner rider it can easily lead to distractions. For those riders who prefer to have control over the gear changes, there are modern Vespas which maintain manual shifting, such as the PX range, but for the everyday commuter or the new rider an automatic transmission might make for a better choice.

The more powerful smallframe Vespa cc will allow you to ride the scooter on the highway, as most transportation regulations will restrict smaller engine sizes to roads with posted speed limits above 50 mph.

Vespa scooters are typically smaller than your average motorbike, but are more powerful than you might expect. The largeframe Vespa scooters can be anything from a Vintage cc to a modern — cc, so can pack a pretty powerful punch.

vespa manual transmission

Obviously, the more powerful your engine, the greater your top speed. The top speed for a Vespa is over 70mph, and provide a comfortable cruise speed of around 55 mph — plenty sufficient for most rides. Many people decide to go online to purchase a used scooter, and get awfully excited when they find great deals — only to find that, when it arrives, there is a major fault with it that they would have noticed if they had checked the scooter out in person beforehand.

Nothing comes for free in this world, and if it seems too good to be true, then it most probably is. As you can see there is plenty to consider before riding around on your Vespa scooter. Hopefully, though, this guide should have helped you learn a little more about all those options, and now have a better idea about what sort of scooter you should opt for. Best of luck with buying your first Vespa scooter, and most importantly of all, have fun on your new ride!

AmerivespaFeatureGeneral InformationPeople. What you should know before buying your first Vespa scooter How do you make sure that you purchase the right Vespa scooter?

Riding a vintage Vespa - recorded on a GoPro

Share iVespa We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it.A Vespa is a fairly simple vehicle. The body of the scooter also acts as the frame, and is made out of pressed steel.

vespa manual transmission

Known as a monocoque framethis gives a scooter a good ratio of strength and rigidity compared to its weight. This differs from motorcycles, which are built on a welded frame made of beams or tubes of metal. The engine may be off-centered, because in most scooter models the engine is connected directly to the rear axle.

This eliminates the need for a belt or chain-driven system, reducing complexity and increasing reliability. The first Vespas used two-stroke engines, but today almost all scooters use four-stroke engines for lower emissions and greater fuel efficiency. This allows women to drive Vespas while wearing a dress or a skirt a major consideration when the Vespa was first designed, and certainly a factor for some drivers today.

Storage space is usually included under the seat or on the front panel. Part of the original Vespa design specification was the wheels be easy to remove for the average person, and that the scooter carry its own spare.

The wheel is fastened to the frame only on one side, as opposed to a motorcycle wheel, which is placed between two frame rails a forkand may be connected to the drive system, further complicating removal. Scooter wheels range from eight to 12 inches. Early Vespa models had manual transmissions controlled by twisting the left handlebar. In addition to the two-wheeled Vespa scooter, the company also produced a three-wheeled utility vehicle called the APE pronounced Ah-pay, it is Italian for bee.

While APEs never became fashionable like other Vespas, they were ubiquitous in Southeast Asian cities by the s and 70s.

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An enduring image for many veterans of the Vietnam War is that of Vietnamese cities thronged with APEs and knock-off designs loaded with cargo or people, the precarious freight seemingly defying the laws of physics. Such use is a testament to the durability of the small vehicles, which are still mainstays in urban areas of the Pacific Rim today. Behind the Scenes at Supercross. Prev NEXT. Inside a Vespa. A classic Vespa with the spare tire mounted on the rear of the scooter.

Photo courtesy of Classic Vespas. Related Behind the Scenes at Supercross.The name means wasp in Italian. From their inception, Vespa scooters have been known for their painted, pressed steel unibody which combines, in a unified structural unit, a complete cowling for the engine enclosing the engine mechanism and concealing dirt or greasea flat floorboard providing foot protectionand a prominent front fairing providing wind protection.

After World War II, in light of its agreement to cease war activities with the Allies, Italy had its aircraft industry severely restricted in both capability and capacity. Piaggio emerged from the conflict with its Pontedera bomber plane plant demolished by bombing. Italy's crippled economy, and the disastrous state of its roads, were not immediately conducive to the re-development of the automobile market.

Enrico Piaggiothe son of Piaggio's founder Rinaldo Piaggio, decided to leave the aeronautical field in order to address Italy's urgent need for a modern and affordable mode of transportation for the masses. InPiaggio engineers Renzo Spolti and Vittorio Casini designed a motorcycle with bodywork fully enclosing the drivetrain and forming a tall splash guard at the front.

In addition to the bodywork, the design included handlebar-mounted controls, forced air cooling, wheels of small diameter, and a tall central section that had to be straddled. Officially known as the MP5 "Moto Piaggio no.

He contracted aeronautical engineer Corradino D'Ascanioto redesign the scooter.

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D'Ascanio's MP6 prototype had its engine mounted beside the rear wheel. The wheel was driven directly from the transmission, eliminating the drive chain and the oil and dirt associated with it. The prototype had a unit spar frame with stress-bearing steel outer panels. The MP6 design also included a single sided front suspension, interchangeable front and rear wheels mounted on stub axles, and a spare wheel.

Other features of the MP6 were similar to those on the Paperino, including the handlebar-mounted controls and the enclosed bodywork with the tall front splash guard. On 23 Aprilat 12 o'clock in the central office for inventions, models and makes of the Ministry of Industry and Commerce in FlorencePiaggio e C. The basic patented design allowed a series of features to be deployed on the spar-frame that would later allow quick development of new models.

The original Vespa featured a rear pillion seat for a passenger, or optionally a storage compartment. The original front protection "shield" was a flat piece of aero metal; later, this developed into a twin skin to allow additional storage behind the front shield, similar to the glove compartment in a car. The fuel cap was located underneath the hinged seat, which saved the cost of an additional lock on the fuel cap or need for additional metal work on the smooth skin.

The twistgrip -controlled gear change involved a system of rods. The early engine had no forced-air cooling, but fan blades were soon attached to the magneto -flywheel which houses the points and generates electricity for accessories and for the engine's spark to push air over the cylinder's cooling fins. The modern Vespa engine is still cooled this way. The MP6 prototype had large grilles on the front and rear of the rear fender covering the engine.

This was done to allow air in to cool the engine, as the prototype did not have fan cooling. A cooling fan similar to that used on the MP5 "Paperino" prototype was included in the design of the production Vespa, and the grilles were removed from the fender. Piaggio filed a patent for the Vespa scooter design in April The application documents referred to a "model of a practical nature" for a "motorcycle with rationally placed parts and elements with a frame combining with mudguards and engine-cowling covering all working parts", of which "the whole constitutes a rational, comfortable motorcycle offering protection from mud and dust without jeopardizing requirements of appearance and elegance".

The patent was approved the following December. The first 13 examples appeared in springand revealed their aeronautical background. In the first examples, one can recognize the typical aircraft technology. Attention to aerodynamics is evident in all the design, in particular on the tail. It was also one of the first vehicles to use monocoque construction where the body is an integral part of the chassis.How Do Vespa Transmissions Work?

Fri Jul 09, am quote. Can anybody explain in plain language how the Vespa transmissions work. They're identified as "CRT" or "Continuously Variable Transmission" with torque server, and we all know there are no gears and there's a centrifugal clutch. But how does the system work? How does one gear allow us to climb steep grades one minute and go 60 miles an hour the next. A combination of magic, good luck, and a big rubber band. Silver Streak. See this animation of a CVT from Dodge showing how rotational speeds change.

Thanks all for the postings. I did a quick yahoo search before I started this post, but didn't get anything. Didn't think to check youtube. Pacnwfoto, great video. Here's another youtube video which looks at where and how CRTs work inside a scooter: Thanks again. Bill Dog. You twist the throttle and it goes faster. Twist it more and goes even faster.

That's all you really need to know. I'm not helping much am I? Bill X. Joined: 31 May Posts: Location: England, somewhere down in the bottom left bit Uh, kinda like the gears on a bicycle. But different Best, Mark.

Fri Jul 09, pm quote. I love that poster! I guess that means I don't need to continue filling up the compartment behind that little black piece on the belt cover with sunflower seeds If I get this right, a colorful description with pictures of the variator [topic ]. Sun Aug 01, am quote. All Content Copyright by Modern Vespa. All Rights Reserved.

Modern Vespa is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon. Fri Jul 09, am quote Can anybody explain in plain language how the Vespa transmissions work. Fri Jul 09, am quote A combination of magic, good luck, and a big rubber band. Fri Jul 09, am quote HotboxDeluxe wrote: A combination of magic, good luck, and a big rubber band More than we'll ever need to know.

Fri Jul 09, am quote 60yoMod wrote: HotboxDeluxe wrote: A combination of magic, good luck, and a big rubber band More than we'll ever need to know.Failure to do so could expose you to a ticket if pulled over. Purchase or borrow an up-to-date helmet for motorcycle riding.

Make sure the helmet has a DOT or better logo on the back. Use a full-face helmet if possible to save your face if you fall. Consider wearing a leather or armored jacket when riding to lessen potential bodily damage. Consider paying for a motorcycle driving course if it is available in your state.

While a scooter is usually far less powerful, the lessons taught are invaluable for two-wheel driving. Find information regarding these classes which are usually offered by your state highway patrol on a regular basis.

vespa manual transmission

If passed successfully, some state programs allow you to waive your motorcycle riding test when applying for a motorcycle license. Find the manual transmission shifter, if it applies, either in the left handle or as a foot lever.

Familiarize yourself with your scooter manual to understand the theory of how the vehicle works. Sit on the scooter and get comfortable with where everything is and how it feels. When actually starting to ride, first ride the scooter turned off slowly down a sloped driveway to practice stopping.

Do this a couple of times, practicing with the hand brake on the right handle and your foot brake. Then roll to the side of the road, start the scooter and try slowly driving it in a straight line.

Get used to your center of balance, make a slow turn and ride it back to your starting point. If using a twist and go, all you need to control is your speed and the brakes. Keep practicing at higher speeds. When comfortable, go out further in the neighborhood, practicing stops and traveling. Practice a manual transmission by first roll-riding it with the engine off. Practice engaging the clutch with the left lever and first gear and then shifting to neutral.

Then practice by turning on the scooter, standing at a stop and geared in neutral. Engage the clutch but do not let go. Shift it to first while still holding the handle. Pull the throttle slowly on the right handle and, as it adds gas, start to let go of the clutch. You will feel the scooter move forward. Engaging a clutch too fast will throw the scooter forward and you will fall off the back while it wheelies forward and crashes.Discussion in ' Battle Scooters ' started by EscapedAug 4, Log in or Join.

Adventure Rider. EscapedAug 4, I hope this is not a dumb question, but are their scooters that do not have automatic transmissions? I always wanted to try out riding a scooter so a couple of weeks ago, while on vacation in Maui, I rented a Blur I had fun riding it but I really did not like the whole automatic transmission thing. Joined: Feb 21, Oddometer: 2, I'm confused, you had fun riding it but What else do you want from a scooter?

Storage space, check. Fuel economy, check. Affordable, check. Yes there are some late model scooter like options that you can shift, mainly from Honda. Feel free to do a little work on our own. The only manual shift scooters I know of are some vintage scooters and the Genuine Stella which a more recently manufactured copy of a vintage Vespa. Like you I prefer manual transmissions in general but I have found that the CVT transmissions found in almost all scooters have their advantages too.

I have 2 scooters and 2 motorcycles. It's the scooters I ride the most. My advice is to get a small scooter for running around town and enjoy it for what it is. Keep your motorcycle too so you can enjoy the best of both worlds. ADV Sponsors.

CaseyJonesAug 4, If you want a gearshift, you'd probably be better off with a small cycle. It sounds to me like you either had a scoot with some problem with the clutch grease on it, maybe or worn; or maybe a design. Now, some revving to get it moving is part of the package; you don't want an engagement at slow speed. Otherwise, the clutch will be dragging as the engine idles; and you'll be replacing shoes forever.

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Keep in mind, the design of some scoots. Now, I have a Burgman But the transmission and clutch seem designed to keep the engine at around RPM.


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